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ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF ANO LOUSOI

Kalavrita - Ancient Sites

This is one of the most re-known arcadic cities which controlled the whole area of Epanokambos. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the Austrian Archaeological Institute has carried out systematic excavations and has discovered, in the city's agora, the Doric temple of Artemis Hemera or Hemerasias (Artemis that is dawning), constructed early 3rd century B.C. Built on the remains of an older geometric style temple of the Goddess, the temple bears an odd design, with a “bouleuterion” (council building), a fountain house and the “propylon” (gateway).

On a lower level, a very important Hellenistic domicile with a central courtyard was brought to light, while current excavations at an even lower level are revealing yet another important temple and a two-aisled stoa at the location called “Stadion”. The acropolis of the ancient city was identified a few years ago but has not yet been excavated. As a large area around the ancient town maintains its ancient structure, the whole surroundings have been declared as an archaeological site, to prevent any further deterioration. The archaeological site is located near the village of Lousoi or Soudena, 15km from Kalavrita.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF THE ANCIENT CITY OF KLITOR

Kalavrita - Ancient Sites

is situated within the municipality of Lefkasios and falls under the administrative jurisdiction of Ano Klitoria. This is one of the most important cities of ancient Azania . Built like most of the ancient cities in Arcadia on a plain, and not on a naturally fortified hill, the city was surrounded by strong protective walls, now not in good condition, as the stone material from these walls was used during the post-byzantine and early modern times for the construction of surrounding settlements. The ancient wall was built during the Hellenistic times and was, in parts, strengthened with semicircular towers. Excavations have unearthed a substantial part of the city's fortification and towers and part of the ancient theatre which is not in good condition. Every summer, special facilities are put up in front of the ancient theatre, and important theatrical performances are staged. According to tradition, the city took its name from Klitora, son of Azana

PAFSANIA'S VINE BRANCH

Kalavrita - PAFSANIA'S VINE BRANCH

Pafsania's vine branch can be found at the location of Pangrateika Kalyvia.

The vine branch dates back thousands of years and was referred to by Pafsanias, from whom it derives its name.

Ancient Leontio (Kato Vlasia)

Kalavrita - Ancient Leontio Vlasia

The ruins on the hill named Kastritsi, 3km. from the monastery of Vlasia, had, for a number of years, been wrongly identified with ancient Tritaia, while ancient Leontio was associated with the modern village bearing the same name - Leontio(ex Gourzoumiza), until A. Wilhelm suggested that ancient Tritaia should be identified with Ayia Marina. So, the aforemantioned ruins were identified with ancient Leontio.
Polybious lists the city among the original twelve Achaean cities and the ten that still existed in his time. The fortification of the city has been preserved on Kastritsi hill. Within the walls was the theatre, excavated in 1958 by N. Yialouris, while remains of various buildings can be seen scattered on the hill.

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